Adopted by General Assembly resolution 217 A (III) of 10 December 1948

, the General Assembly of the United Nations requested all member countries to call for the text of the Declaration and “to work for its dissemination, distribution, reading and explanation, particularly in schools and other educational institutions.” , without any distinction as to the political status of countries or territories.
We publish here this announcement, as a generalization of interest, especially since the government of “the Jamahiriya” has not fulfilled its role as a member state of the organization. Perhaps because many practices of the Jamahiriya government contradict this declaration.


Whereas recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace in the world; Since the neglect and contempt for human rights has led to barbaric acts that have harmed the human conscience, and the goal of what the common people aspire to is the emergence of a world in which the individual enjoys freedom of speech and belief and is free from fear and poverty. Whereas it is necessary for the law to protect human rights so that one does not have to eventually rebel against tyranny and injustice. Whereas in the Charter the peoples of the United Nations have reaffirmed their faith in fundamental human rights, in the dignity and worth of the individual, and in the equal rights of men and women, and have resolved to advance social progress and raise the standard of life in larger freedom; Whereas Member States have pledged themselves to cooperate with the United Nations to ensure the constant observance and respect of human rights and fundamental freedoms; Whereas the general awareness of these rights and freedoms is of great importance for the full fulfillment of this pledge. The General Assembly calls for this Universal Declaration of Human Rights as the common level that all peoples and nations should target so that every individual and body in society, always bearing this Declaration in mind, strives to consolidate respect for these rights and freedoms through education and taking steady measures. national and global, to ensure effective global recognition and observance between the Member States themselves and the peoples of the Bekaa under their authority.

Article 1All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status, without No distinction between men and women. In addition to the foregoing, there will be no discrimination based on the political, legal or international status of the country or territory to which an individual belongs, whether that country or territory is independent, under trust, non-self-governing, or if its sovereignty is subject to any limitation.

Article 3Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 4No one shall be held in slavery or servitude. Slavery and the slave trade are prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6Every human being, wherever he may be, has the right to recognition of his legal personality.

Article 7All people are equal before the law and have the right to enjoy equal protection from it without any discrimination, and they all have the right to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8Everyone has the right to have recourse to the national courts for redress for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by law.

Article 9No one may be arbitrarily arrested, detained or exiled.

Article 10Everyone has the right, on full equality with others, to have his case before an independent and impartial tribunal in a fair and public determination of his rights and obligations and any criminal charge against him.

Article 11(1) Every person accused of a crime is considered innocent until his guilt is legally proven in a public trial in which the necessary guarantees for his defense are secured. (2) No person shall be convicted as a result of a tool of work or omission from a tool of work unless this is considered a crime in accordance with national or international law at the time of its commission, and no more severe punishment shall be imposed on him than that which may have been imposed at the time of the commission of the crime.

Article 12No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home, or correspondence, or to attacks on his honor and reputation, and every person has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 13(1) Everyone has the freedom to move and choose his place of residence within the borders of each country. (2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to it.

Article 14(1) Everyone has the right to seek refuge in other countries or to try to seek refuge therein to escape persecution. (2) This right shall not be used by anyone who has been prosecuted for non-political crimes or for acts that contradict the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 15(1) Everyone has the right to a nationality. (2) A person may not be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality or denied his right to change it.

Article 16(1) A man and a woman, when they reach the age of marriage, have the right to marry and to found a family without any restriction because of gender or religion, and they have equal rights at marriage, during its establishment and at its dissolution. (2) The marriage contract shall not be concluded without the complete consent of the two parties wishing to marry, without coercion. (3) The family is the basic natural unit of society and is entitled to the protection of society and the state.

Article 17(1) Each person has the right to own property alone or jointly with others. (2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion. This right includes the freedom to change his religion or belief, and the freedom to express them through education, practice, and observance of rituals, whether that is in secret or with the group.

Article 19Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression, and this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference, and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media, regardless of geographical boundaries.

Article 20(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful association and grouping. (2) No one may be compelled to join an association.

Article 21(1) Everyone has the right to take part in the management of the public affairs of his country, either directly or through freely chosen representatives. (2) Every person shall have the same right as others to hold public office in the country. (3) The will of the people is the source of the authority of the government, and this will is expressed through periodic, fair elections that take place on the basis of secret and equal suffrage for all, or according to any similar procedure that guarantees freedom of voting.

Article 22Every person, as a member of society, has the right to social security and to realize, through national effort and international cooperation, and in accordance with the systems and resources of each country, the economic, social and educational rights that are indispensable to his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Article 23(1) Everyone has the right to work, and has the freedom to choose it on just and satisfactory terms, as well as the right to protection against unemployment. (2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for work. (3) Everyone who works has the right to a just and satisfactory wage that ensures for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection. (4) Everyone has the right to form and join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Article 24Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

Article 25(1) Every person has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care, as well as necessary social services, and the right to secure his livelihood in cases of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age and other loss of means of subsistence as a result of circumstances beyond his control. (2) Motherhood and childhood have the right to special assistance and care, and all children enjoy the same social protection, whether they are born from a legal union or illegally.

Article 26(1) Everyone has the right to education, and education in its early and basic stages, at least, shall be free, and primary education shall be compulsory, and technical and vocational education shall be universal, and admission to higher education shall be facilitated on an equal footing for all and on the basis of competence. (2) Education shall aim at the full development of the human personality, at promoting respect for the human person and for fundamental freedoms, at developing understanding, tolerance and friendship among all peoples and racial or religious groups, and at increasing the United Nations peacekeeping effort. (3) Parents have the first right to choose the type of education for their children.

Article 27(1) Everyone has the right to freely participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts, to participate in scientific progress and to benefit from its results. (2) Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from his scientific, literary or artistic production.

Article 28Everyone has the right to enjoy an international social order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration are fully realized.

Article 29(1) Every individual has duties to the society in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible. (2) In exercising his rights and freedoms, the individual shall be subject only to those restrictions established by law, to ensure recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and to fulfill the just requirements of public order, the public interest and morals in a democratic society. (3) Under no circumstances may these rights be exercised in a manner that contradicts the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 30There is no text in this declaration that may be interpreted as conferring on a state, group or individual any right to engage in an activity or perform an act aimed at destroying the rights and freedoms contained therein.