Libya News: Since the beginning of the change in the compass needle of the Libyan regime, it has shifted from the Arab nationalist orientation to the African orientation, and the regime’s media broadcasts to our ears the achievements of its leader in the efforts he is making in Africa to unite it and before that its leadership!! After September 11, the mass media focused on Colonel Gaddafi’s role in resolving disputes and putting out fires within Africa. One of his newspapers mentioned that the opponents would enter the leader’s tent, quarreling, “and he would reconcile their hearts” and they would come out in love. I attributed to the Leader all the credit for all the solutions that have been reached by the different Africans in recent times!!
The agency (AFP) published a report on the roles of African leaders in resolving African conflicts, in which it is clear that there is little role for Colonel Gaddafi, with the exception of the Chadian mediation, which has not yet reached a result and whose chances of success are considered to be very low, or Gaddafi sent Libyan forces to support the president. Central African Republic when his regime was subjected to a coup attempt.
We publish here a report showing that Gaddafi’s role is very marginal in resolving conflicts in Africa, despite all the regime’s mouthpieces claim, and despite looking with a magnifying lens on what Colonel Gaddafi is doing in Africa:
(AFP): From Madagascar to Liberia, passing through the Democratic Republic of the Congo, African officials began Attempts to resolve the rampant conflicts, and their hope is to find a new diplomatic formula between the “brothers” that is necessary for the development of the African continent. However, the task is difficult and long and boring discussions have limits.
The outgoing President of Madagascar, Didier Rtsiraka, said after signing a “reconciliation agreement” with President-elect Marc Ravalomanana on April 18 in Dakar under the auspices of Senegalese President Abdou Lai Wade, who has not yet been fruitful, that next time “we must be more organized and more Seriously, not to engage in an African-style dialogue.”
The two men are still fighting for power in this poor island, which is on the verge of a civil war.
“If France, the United States and Europe had sent someone to Dakar to say that the donor countries were behind the Organization of African Unity, things would have gone much faster,” Ratsiraka added.
According to Ratsiraka, African diplomacy lacks the ability to persuade.
However, African countries know that without peace, investments will not come and there will be no future.
The Partnership for Africa’s Development depends, in particular, on “good conduct.” Its founders, Wade, South African President Thabo Mbeki and Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, are on the front lines to mediate in resolving African disputes.
Mbeki, whose country has been able to assume the leadership role in the continent since the fall of the apartheid regime, is looking for a way out of the war that is ravaging the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which is considered a broad regional conflict involving six African countries.
South African mediation led to the signing of the Lusaka Agreement in July 1999, and Mbeki received in Sun City from February to April an “inter-Congolese dialogue”, but the talks faltered and the South African president seeks to bring the warring parties back to the negotiating table.
South Africa is also mediating to resolve the conflict in Burundi, which has been mired in a civil war since 1993.
Former President Nelson Mandela managed at first to lead the parties to the conflict to an agreement to form a transitional government in this country, before the current Vice President Jacob Zuma took the mediation task, without yet succeeding in persuading the Burundian rebels to join the agreement signed in Arusha in Tanzania in 2000.
Finally in Zimbabwe, and since the controversial re-election of President Robert Mugabe, the presidents of South Africa and Nigeria have been trying to persuade the regime and the opposition to form a government of national unity, but their envoys to Harare returned empty-handed.
As for Algerian President Abdelaziz Bouteflika, he intervened to put an end to the conflict between Ethiopia and Eritrea, which claimed tens of thousands of lives between 1998 and 2000, before reaching an agreement to “stop hostility between the two countries” signed in Algeria in June 2000, and then a comprehensive agreement was reached. Peace on December 12.
For his part, the King of Morocco, Mohammed VI, took several initiatives, especially in West Africa, in the conflict between the warring Mano River Union countries, namely Liberia, Sierra Leone and Guinea, and led to the convening of a summit between the heads of the three countries in Rabat on February 27, where the three leaders committed themselves to working to bring about a solution. Peace in the region. He was expected to hold a second summit last April, but the process seems to have failed, especially after attacks by rebels on Liberia.
Gabonese President Omar Bongo remains the “brilliant and wise” who seeks to resolve the conflicts in Central Africa. He was a mediator, especially in the conflict in Central Africa, and an agreement was reached to put an end to the conflict that took place between 1996 and 1997. Recently, he played a key role in resolving the crisis that erupted between Central Africa and Chad due to the latter’s reception of General Francois Bozize, accused by Bangui of complicity.
Bongo was able to restore a normal atmosphere to Congo-Brazzaville since the ceasefire in 1999 until the presidential elections won by his father-in-law, Denis Sassou Nguesso.
And played Bongo, away from the limelight, a role in facilitating talks between the conflicting parties in Madagascar, where he also participated in the mediation, the Presidents of Ivory Coast, Mozambique and Benin. Libyan President Muammar Gaddafi, who seeks African unity, entered the scene of events and, in turn, seeks to mediate in resolving the conflicts that exhausted the continent.
The Libyan mediation led to the signing of a peace agreement between the Chadian government and the Tibesti rebels at the beginning of last January, and in Central Africa, Gaddafi went beyond verbal diplomacy to direct intervention, as he sent a military unit to support President Ng-Felix Patasse during the failed coup against his regime on 28 May 2001.